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Pyrite: A Natural History of Fool's Gold by David Rickard

By David Rickard

most folk have heard of pyrite, the brassy yellow mineral occasionally often called fool's gold. Pyrite behaves like stone and shines like steel, and its twin nature makes it a resource of either metals and sulfur. regardless of being the most typical sulfide mineral at the earth's floor, pyrite's brilliant crystals have attracted the eye of many various cultures, and its approximately exact visible visual appeal to gold has ended in stories of fraud, trickery, and claims of alchemy. Pyrite occupies a different position in human background: it turned an essential component of mining tradition in the US in the course of the nineteenth century, and it has a presence in old Sumerian texts, Greek philosophy, and medieval poetry, turning into an emblem for whatever overvalued.

In Pyrite, geochemist and writer David Rickard blends uncomplicated technological know-how and ancient narrative to explain the various particular methods pyrite is necessary to our global. He explains the elemental technology of oxidation, exhibiting us why the mineral appears like gold, and inspects loss of life zones of current oceans the place pyrite-related hydrogen sulfide destroys oxygen within the waters. Rickard analyzes pyrite's function in production sulfuric acid and discusses the numerous visual appeal of the mineral in literature, heritage, and the advance of societies. The mineral's impression extends from human evolution and tradition, via technological know-how and undefined, to our figuring out of historic, smooth, and destiny earth environments. lively and available, Pyrite is the 1st ebook to teach readers the historical past and technology of a mineral that helped make the fashionable world.

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Mineral Resource Estimation by Mario E. Rossi,Clayton V. Deutsch

By Mario E. Rossi,Clayton V. Deutsch

Mineral source estimation has replaced significantly some time past 25 years: geostatistical ideas became common and proceed to adapt; computational horsepower has revolutionized all aspects of numerical modeling; mining and processing operations are frequently higher; and uncertainty quantification is changing into general perform. contemporary books specialize in ancient tools or information of geostatistical concept. So there's a growing to be have to gather and synthesize the perform of recent mineral source estimation right into a ebook for undergraduate scholars, starting graduate scholars, and younger geologists and engineers. it really is especially fruitful that this publication is written through authors with years of correct event acting mineral source estimation and with years of proper educating event. This comprehensive textbook and reference fills this need.

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Beyond Oil Bust: Investigating Oil Economics, Society and by James Leigh,Predrag Vukovic

By James Leigh,Predrag Vukovic

This booklet is a frank, even stark research into the dwindling crude oil provide of “Peak Oil”, and its economics, societal implications and geopolitics.

For many this booklet should be an eye-opener to start to determine the serious element that global civilization is coming to, whilst expanding shortage of dwindling oil offers will push oil costs to new highs, resulting in not just oil scarcity, yet strength scarcity around the board. in response to “The Olduvai idea” this can have dire implications for the indispensable power of our smooth economies—electricity. truly, with no oil we can't have electrical energy and that serious hyperlink, discovered in basic terms by way of a couple of, becomes abundantly transparent within the book.

In those dramatic advancements there'll be critical monetary, political, societal and geopolitical ramifications. Our civilizations becomes paralyzed resulting in complete scale army clash.

Out of this axial interval of human civilization a brand new society—reorganized with enlightened human attitudes—will need to come up if people are to prevent common cataclysm.

This booklet is essential examining to appreciate the portent of present tendencies linked to oil offer and insist. If we're correct, we must always all be ready for the years forward, with dramatic international occasions, to vastly switch either our civilization and our personal lives.

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Chosen Legacies: Heritage in Regional Identity (Heritage, by Linde Egberts

By Linde Egberts

The urge for nearby identification has now not declined within the technique of globalization. quite, history is used to boost neighborhood forte and to cost identities with a prior. quite worthy for this goal are construction tales, Golden a while or contemporary, shared traumas. a few issues equivalent to the Roman period or the second one global conflict look more uncomplicated to suitable than, for instance, prehistory.

This publication assesses the position of background within the development of nearby identities in Western Europe. It includes case stories on early medieval background in Alsace and Euregio-Meuse Rhine, business history within the German Ruhr region and competing stories within the Arnhem-Nijmegen area within the Netherlands. It offers new insights into the method of historical past creation on a local point in dating to techniques of identification building. The theoretical research of "heritage" and "regional identification" is leading edge as those techniques have been hardly ever analysed in terms of one another sooner than. This e-book additionally deals insights into coverage, tourism, spatial improvement and local improvement to policymakers, politicians, designers and execs within the historical past and tourism industries.

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Cold Region Hazards and Risks by Colin A. Whiteman

By Colin A. Whiteman

it is a particular, well timed and interesting textual content with large ranging geographical assurance. The textual content brings jointly, for the 1st time, information regarding an enormous array of risks linked to ice and snow, spanning either popular phenomenon (e.g. avalanches) and the fewer universal (e.g. river ice jams and ice storms) utilizing, in lots of situations, fabric which is never noticeable outdoors complex educational examine books and journals. the diversity of ice-related risks could be brought and the importance of the present worldwide warming context mentioned. huge actual versions of glacial, periglacial and atmospheric chilly environments are provided to supply a systematic context for dialogue of the human problems with hazard, vulnerability impression and mitigation.

Key Features:

  • Wide ranging geographical assurance (the Americas, Asia, Australasia, Antarctic & Europe)
  • Localised dangers (avalanches, lifestyles storms, landslides) contrasted to these with wider achieving results (arctic ice loss, ice sheet retreat and huge unfold permafrost decay)
  • Includes the newest advancements within the box
  • Each bankruptcy comprises dangers evaluate, summery, conclusions, strength tasks workout and key references
  • Includes a supplementary web site with figures from the textual content and extra references
  • Each bankruptcy encompasses a dangers assessment, precis, conclusions, power initiatives workout and key references

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Advances in Organic Geochemistry 1964: Proceedings of the by G. D. Hobson,M. C. Louis

By G. D. Hobson,M. C. Louis

Advances in natural Geochemistry 1964 includes papers provided on the moment foreign Congress on natural Geochemistry at Rueil-Malmaison, France on September 28-30, 1964.
This assortment discusses advancements made within the box of organic-chemistry and the incorporation of natural subject with clay minerals. to appreciate the method fascinated with such organization of fabrics, the textual content explains the final response among the clay debris and the entire natural and inorganic components within the attempt resolution. The examine offers the hint point assemblages present in the Mansfield Marine Band as an instance. one other research discusses the incidence of isoprenoid alkanes in a Precambrian sediment the place alkanes and porphyrin pigments, which stay strong for a very long time in lots of geological stipulations, can act as organic markers. The paper notes the Marker mattress of the Precambrian Nonesuch Shale Formation in Michigan. The publication additionally provides extra examine reminiscent of these regarding the Black Shales of the South-east Sicilian Triassic Basin and the Cretaceous Black Shales of the Cyrenaica Basin. The textual content then explains using electron spin resonance in learning concentrations of unfastened radicals the place the result of diversified measurements made on a Colorado coal are proven on a desk. One paper addresses a examine of the relative abundance of strong carbon isotopes as tips to the evolution and genesis of petroleum.
This assortment will turn out helpful for analytical and natural chemists, chemical engineers, geologists, and scholars of natural chemistry or geology.

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The Turbulent Ocean by S. A. Thorpe

By S. A. Thorpe

the topic of ocean turbulence is in a nation of discovery and improvement with many highbrow demanding situations. This booklet describes the significant dynamic procedures that keep an eye on the distribution of turbulence, its dissipation of kinetic strength and its results at the dispersion of houses akin to warmth, salinity, and dissolved or suspended subject within the deep ocean, the shallow coastal and the continental shelf seas. It makes a speciality of the dimension of turbulence, and the implications of turbulent movement within the oceanic boundary layers on the sea floor and close to the seabed. tactics are illustrated by way of examples of laboratory experiments and box observations. The Turbulent Ocean presents a great source for senior undergraduate and graduate classes, in addition to an creation and basic evaluation for researchers. will probably be of curiosity to all these concerned about the learn of fluid movement, specifically geophysical fluid mechanics, meteorology and the dynamics of lakes.

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Sciences of Geodesy - II: Innovations and Future by Guochang Xu (Ed.),Guochang Xu

By Guochang Xu (Ed.),Guochang Xu

This sequence of reference books describes the sciences of alternative fields in and round geodesy. every one bankruptcy, is written by way of specialists within the respective fields and covers somebody box and describes the heritage, conception, the target, the expertise, and the improvement, the spotlight of the study, the functions, the issues, in addition to destiny instructions. Contents of quantity II contain: Geodetic LEO satellite tv for pc Missions, satellite tv for pc Altimetry, Airborne Lidar, GNSS software program Receiver, Geodetic Boundary challenge, GPS and INS, VLBI, Geodetic Reference platforms, Spectral research, Earth Tide and Ocean Loading Tide, distant Sensing, Photogrammetry, Occultation, Geopotential decision, Geoid decision, neighborhood Gravity box, Geopotential choice, Magnet box, cellular Mapping, basic Relativity, Wide-area targeted Positioning etc.

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3D, 4D and Predictive Modelling of Major Mineral Belts in by Pär Weihed

By Pär Weihed

This e-book provides the result of the key european venture Promine. For the 1st time there's now a ecu database to be had on mineral deposits, in addition to 3D, 4D and predictive types of significant mineral belts in Europe: Fennoscandia (Skellefteå and Vihanti-Pyhäsalmi), the Fore-Sudetic basin (Kupferschiefer deposits in Poland and Germany), the Hellenic belt in northern Greece, and the Iberian Pyrite belt and Ossa Morena area in Spain and Portugal. The booklet additionally describes the modelling strategies utilized and the way types of software program are used for 3- and 4-dimensional modelling. moreover, primary descriptions of the way to construct the database constitution of three-d geological facts are supplied and either 2nd and 3D predictive types are awarded for the most mineral belts of Europe.

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